A council is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. A council may function as a legislature, especially at a town, city or county level, but most legislative bodies at the state or national level are not considered councils. At such levels, there may be no separate executive branch, and the council may effectively represent the entire government. A board of directors might also be denoted as a council. A committee might also be denoted as a council, though a committee is generally a subordinate body composed of members of a larger body, while a council may not be. Because many schools have a student council, the council is the form of governance with which many people are likely to have their first experience as electors or participants.
A member of a council may be referred to as a councillor, or by the gender-specific titles of councilman and councilwoman.
Notable examples of types of councils encountered in politics include:
The program of the Boy Scouts of America is administered through 273local councils, with each council covering a geographic area that may vary from a single city to an entire state. Each council receives an annual charter from the National Council and is usually incorporated as a charitable organization. Most councils are administratively divided into districts that directly serve Scout units.
Councils fall into one of four regions: Western, Central, Southern, and Northeast. Each region is then subdivided into areas. The total number of councils depends on how they are counted:
There are 273 individual local councils
Direct Service covers units outside of local councils— although technically not a council it is assigned a council number
The council level organization is similar to that of the National Council. Councils are headed by a collective of three people known as the 'Key 3'. The Key 3 consists of the Scout executive, a paid employee who administers a staff of professional Scouters; a council president, a volunteer, serves as the chairman of a volunteer board of directors; and a council commissioner, also a volunteer, coordinates the efforts of trained volunteers who provide direct service to the units (Cub Scout packs, Boy Scout troops, etc.).
Maritime is an album by Minotaur Shock, released in 2005 via 4AD. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalised rating out of 100to reviews from mainstream critics, Maritime received an average score of 76, based on 15reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
"Muesli" – 3:06
"(She's In) Dry Dock Now" – 3:56
"Vigo Bay" – 4:22
"Six Foolish Fishermen" – 3:54
"Hilly" – 6:33
"Twosley" – 4:05
"Somebody Once Told Me It Existed But They Never Found It" – 6:00
Maritime is an American indie pop band formed in 2003 after the breakup of The Promise Ring and The Dismemberment Plan. Eric Axelson (bass guitarist) of The Dismemberment Plan and Davey von Bohlen (singer/guitarist) and Dan Didier (drummer) of The Promise Ring started a band called In English. The group quickly signed a deal with the record label ANTI- and hired J. Robbins to produce their record. Robbins had previously produced records for both The Promise Ring and The Dismemberment Plan. After delivering the record to ANTI-, the company decided it did not want the record. The band changed its name to Maritime and signed with DeSoto Records. The band went on tour and self-released an EP called Adios on their own label, Foreign Leisure. On April 1, 2004, the band released its first full-length album, Glass Floor on DeSoto Records.
On February 6, 2006, Axelson announced that he was leaving the band. He was replaced on bass guitar by Justin Klug.
Their second album, We, the Vehicles, was released on April 18, 2006, on Flameshovel Records to wide critical acclaim.